The global electric vehicle market was valued at $163.01 billion in 2020, and is projected to reach $823.75 billion by 2030, registering a CAGR of 18.2% from 2021 to 2030. An electric vehicle operates on electricity unlike its counterpart, which runs on fuel. Instead of internal combustion engine, these vehicles run on an electric motor that requires constant supply of energy from batteries to operate. There are a variety of batteries used in these vehicles. These include lithium ion, molten salt, zinc-air, and various nickel-based designs. The electric vehicle was primarily designed to replace conventional ways of travel as they lead to environmental pollution. It has gained popularity, owing to numerous technological advancements.